Thursday, February 16, 2012

postheadericon Durian

 

Fruit Warehouse | Durian | In Southeastern Asia the durian has been cultivated for Centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century. In 1949, the British botanist E. J. H. Corner published The Durian Theory, or the Origin of the Modern Tree. His theory was endozoochory That (the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach) arose before any other method of seed dispersals, and that 'primitive Ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersals method, in particular the red durian (D . dulcis) exemplifying the primitive fruit of Flowering plants.In Southeastern Asia the durian has been cultivated for Centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century. In 1949, the British botanist E. J. H. Corner published The Durian Theory, or the Origin of the Modern Tree. His theory was endozoochory That (the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach) arose before any other method of seed dispersals, and that 'primitive Ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersals method, in particular the red durian (D . dulcis) exemplifying the primitive fruit of Flowering plants.


The earliest known European reference to the durian is the record of Niccolò Da Conti, WHO traveled to Southeastern Asia in the 15th century. The Portuguese physician Garcia de Orta described durians in Colóquios dos simples e DROGAS da India published in 1563. During the early stages of its taxonomical study, there was some confusion Between durian and the soursop (Annona muricata), for both of these species had Thorny green fruit. It is also interesting to note the Malay name for the soursop is durian Dutch, meaning Dutch durian. In the 18th century, Johann Anton Weinmann Considered the durian to belong to Castaneae as its fruit was similar to the horse chestnut.


Since the early 1990s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region has Increased significantly, partly due to the Increasing affluence of Asia. The unusual flavor and odor of the fruit have prompted many people to express Diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust. While Wallace cautions that "the smell of the fruit is RIPE Certainly at first disagreeable", later descriptions by westerners are more graphic. British novelist Anthony Burgess writes That eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory." Chef Andrew Zimmern Compares the taste to "completely rotten, Mushy onions." Anthony Bourdain, a lover of durian, relates his encounter with the fruit's Thus Spake: "Its taste can only be described as ... indescribable, something you will either love or despise ....


The wide range of descriptions for the odor of durian may have a great deal to do with the variability of durian odor Itself. Durians from different species or clones can have significantly different Aromas; for example, red durian (D. dulcis) has a deep caramel flavor with a turpentine odor while red-fleshed durian (D. graveolens) emits a fragrance of roasted almonds. Among the varieties of D. zibethinus, Thai varieties are sweeter in flavor and less odourous than Malay ones. While some of these animals eat the fruit and dispose of the seed under the parent plant, others swallow the seed with the fruit and then transport it some distance before excreting, with the seed being dispersed as a result. The Thorny, armoured covering of the fruit discourages smaller animals; larger animals are more Likely to transport the seeds far from the parent tree.


According to Larousse Gastronomique, the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some people in southern Thailand prefer durians Their Relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavor. In Malaysia and Singapore, most consumers prefer the fruit to be as RIPE and pungent in aroma as possible and may even risk allowing the fruit to continue ripening after its husk has already cracked open. The Various preferences regarding ripeness Among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a "good" durian.


The durian is commonly known as the "King of the Fruits", a label can be attributed to its formidable That look and overpowering odor. In its native Southeastern Asia, the durian is an everyday food and portrayed in the local media in accordance with the cultural perception it has in the region. The durian symbolised the subjective nature of ugliness and beauty in Hong Kong director Fruit Chan's 2000 film Durian Durian (榴 梿 飘飘, lau lin piu piu), and was a nickname for the Reckless but lovable protagonist of the eponymous Singaporean TV comedy Durian King played by Adrian Pang. Likewise, the oddly shaped Esplanade building in Singapore is Often called "The Durian" by locals, and "The Big Durian" is the nickname of Jakarta, Indonesia.

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