Thursday, February 16, 2012
11:29 AM | Diposkan oleh yudi Katmono | Edit Post
Fruit Warehouse | Mango | The mango is now cultivated in most frost-free tropical and warmer subtropical climates; more than a third of the world's mangoes are cultivated in India alone, with China being the second. Many of the 1,000 + mango cultivars are easily cultivated using grafted saplings, ranging from the "turpentine mango" (named for its strong taste of turpentine) to the huevos de toro.
The mango fruit is a fleshy stone belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of tropical fruiting trees Numerous Flowering plant in the Anacardiaceae family. The mango is native to the Indian subcontinent from where it spread all over the world. While other Mangifera species (eg horse mango, M. foetida) are also grown on a more localized basis, Mangifera indica - the common Indian mango or mango - mango tree is the only commonly cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions, and its fruit is essentially distributed worldwide.
Though India is the largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than one percent of the international mango trade; India consumes most of its own production. A wide variety of diseases can afflict mangoes; see List of mango diseases. Mango contains a variety of phytochemicals and Nutrients.
In mango fruit pulp, the antioxidant vitamins A and C, Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), folate, B vitamins and other essential Nutrients, Such as potassium, copper and amino acids, are present. Mango peel and pulp contain other phytonutrients, Such as the pigment antioxidants - carotenoids and polyphenols - and omega-3 and -6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Phytochemical and nutrient content Appears to Vary across mango species. Up to 25 different carotenoids have been isolated from mango pulp, the densest of the which was beta-carotene, the which accounts for the yellow-orange pigmentation of most mango species.
The mango triterpene, lupeol, is an effective inhibitor in laboratory models of prostate and skin cancers. An extract of mango branch bark called Vimang, isolated by Cuban Scientists, contains polyphenols with antioxidant properties Numerous in vitro and on blood parameters of elderly Humans.
The mango is the national fruit of India and Pakistan. The mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh. Mango blossoms are also used in the worship of the goddess Saraswati. The Jain goddess Ambika is Traditionally represented as sitting under a mango tree. Mango leaves are used to decorate Archways and doors in houses and Indian weddings and celebrations during Ganesh Chaturthi like. Ma-nutmeg-vazhai (மா - பலா - வாழை) Famous Urdu poet Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib was very fond of mangoes. There are many anecdotes Concerning his love for mangoes. Poet Sa'd Bin Ard has written some poems about mangoes.
Mangoes account for approximately half of all tropical fruits produced worldwide.Alphonso, Benishaan or Benisha (Banginapalli in Telugu and other south Indian languages) and Kesar mango varieties are the most popular varieties in India's southern states, while Chausa, Dasheri and Langra varieties are most popular in the northern states. Names of other varieties of mango available in India are malgova, peethar, Rumani, bangalura, rasalu, thothapari, Neelam, sindhoora, and salmon.
Generally, mangoes have an orange RIPE-yellow or reddish peel and are juicy for eating, while exported fruit are picked Often while underripe with green peels. Although producing ethylene while ripening, unripened exported mangoes do not have the same juiciness or flavor as fresh fruit. Like other drupaceous fruits, mangoes come in both Freestone and clingstone varieties.
Abiu Açaí palm Acmena smithii African mango Amelanchier alnifolia American Chestnut American Pawpaw American Persimmon Anacardium occidentale Ananas comosus Annona muricata Annona squamosa Antidesma bunius Apple Apricot Arbutus Areca catechu Arhat Artocarpus altilis Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus integer Asimina triloba Australian Finger Lime Averrhoa bilimbi Avocado Babaco Baccaurea motleyana Bactris gasipaes Bacuri Banana Barbadine Beach Plum Belimbing wuluh Betel Nut Black Apple Black cherry black sapote black walnut Blackberry Blackcurrant blood orange Blue Lilly Pilly Blueberry Bolwarra Bottle Gourd Bouea macrophylla Breadfruit Brush Cherry Buah cengkeh Buah Gayam Buah merah Buah pinang Buddha's hand Buni fruit Bush tomato C. maxima Canarium ovatum Cantaloupe Cantalupensis Carambola Carica papaya Carrot Castanea dentata Ceiba pentandra Cempedak Certain Solanum Cherry Chilean guava Choke cherry Citrullus lanatus Citrus × floridana Citrus grandis Citrus hystrix Citrus limon Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus Citrus paradis Citrus reticulata Citrus sinensis Cloudberry Clove Cocoa Coconut Cocos nucifera Coffea Coffea arabica Cranberry Crowberry Cucumber Cucumis sativus Cydonia oblonga Daucus carota Dewandaru fruit Diospyros digyna Diospyros virginiana Dragon Fruit Duku Durian Durio oxleyanus Elderberry Eleiodoxa conferta Empetrum nigrum Eriobotrya japonica Eugenia smithii Eupomatia laurina Euterpe oleracea Flacourtia inermis Fragaria ananassa Fruit Gandaria Garcinia dulcis Garcinia mangostana Gnetum gnemon Gooseberry Grape Guava Inocarpus fagifer Irvingia Jack Jackfruit Jamblang Jambu Bol Jambu mete Jeruk kingkit Jeruk purut Juglans nigra Kaffir Lime Kapok Kecapi fruit Kedondong Kelengkeng Kelubi fruit Kemunting fruit Kepel fruit Kerantongan Kiwifruit Kurma Lagenaria siceraria Langsat Lansium domesticum Lemon Lilly Pilly Limau kunci Limeberry Limequat Limonia trifolia Lingonberry Litchi chinensis Litsea Litsea garciae Lobi-lobi Loquat Lychee Macadamia Madrono Mahoni Malus domestica Mammea americana Mammee apple Mamoncillo Mandarin orange Mangifera caesia Mango Mangosteen Manilkara zapota Melicoccus bijugatus Melinjo Melon pear Melons Metroxylon sagu Microcitrus australasica Morinda citrifolia Mundu Musa acuminata balbisiana Nona fruit Noni Olea europaea Olive Orange Orange Bali Palm fruit Pandanus conoideus Passiflora ligularis Peach Peach palm Pear Persea americana Persimmon Pili Nut Pineapple Pir Pitaya Platonia insignis Pomegranate pomelo Pouteria australis Pouteria caimito Prunus armeniaca Prunus avium Prunus maritima Prunus persica Prunus serotina Prunus virginiana Psidium guajava Punica granatum Quince Rambutan Red fruit Redcurrant Ribes nigrum Ribes rubrum Ribes uva-crispa Rose hip Rowan Rubus argutus Rubus chamaemorus Rubus spectabilis Rumbai fruit Rumbia fruit Salak Salmonberry Sambucus nigra Sapodilla Saskatoon berry Sea buckthorn shew Siraitia grosvenorii Solanum lycopersicum Solanum muricatum Soursop Spondias mombin Srikaya Star fruit vegetables Starfruit Stelechocarpus burahol Strawberry Sugar-apple Sukun Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium malaccense Syzygium oleosum Syzygium paniculatum Tangelo Terminalia catappa Theobroma cacao Tin of fruit Tomato Tropical Almond Ugli fruit Ugni molinae Vaccinium Oxycoccus Vaccinium vitis-idaea Watermelon Wine
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