Sunday, February 19, 2012

postheadericon Breadfruit ( Artocarpus altilis )


Fruit Warehouse | Breadfruit ( Artocarpus altilis ) | Breadfruit, an equatorial Lowland species, Grows best below elevations of 650 meters (2.130 ft), but is found at elevations of 1.550 meters (5.090 ft). Preferred Soils are neutral to alkaline (pH of 6.1-7.4) and either sand, sandy loam, loam or sandy clay loam. Breadfruit is Able to grow in coral sands and saline Soils.


Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of Flowering tree in the mulberry family, Moraceae, growing throughout Southeast Asia and most Pacific Ocean islands. Its name is derived from the texture of the cooked fruit, the which has a potato-like flavor, similar to fresh-baked bread.



Breadfruit is a staple food in many tropical regions. Because breadfruit trees usually Produce large crops at Certain times of the year, preservation of the harvested fruit is an issue. Most breadfruit varieties also Produce a small number of fruits throughout the year, so fresh breadfruit is always available, but somewhat rare when not in season.



A common product is a mixture of cooked or fermented breadfruit mash mixed with coconut milk and baked in banana leaves. Whole fruits can be cooked in an open fire, then cored and filled with other foods, Such as coconut milk, sugar and butter, cooked meats, or other fruits. The filled fruit can be further cooked so the flavor of the filling permeates the flesh of the breadfruit. The Hawaiian staple food called poi, made of mashed taro root, is easily substituted or augmented with mashed breadfruit. The resulting "breadfruit poi 'ulu" is called poi. Breadfruit is also found in Indonesia and Malaysia, where it is called breadfruit.



Breadfruit is roughly 25% carbohydrates and 70% water.  Breadfruit was Widely used and diversely Among Pacific Islanders. he trees are monoecious, with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. Breadfruit is one of the highest-yielding food plants, with a single tree producing up to 200 or more fruits per season. In the South Pacific, the trees yield 50 to 150 fruits per year. In southern India, normal production is 150 to 200 fruits Annually.


In the Caribbean, a conservative estimate is 25 fruits per tree. The grapefruit-sized, ovoid fruit has a rough surface, and each fruit is Divided into many achenes, each achene surrounded by a fleshy perianth and growing on a fleshy Receptacle. Bred selectively Some cultivars have seedless fruit.

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